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SERC/Urban and Spatial Programme Discussion Paper
Long-Term Effects of Forced Migration
Markus Jäntti, Matti Sarvimäki and Roope Uusitalo
March 2009
Paper No' SERCDP0015:
Full Paper (pdf)

JEL Classification: J60; O15; R23

Tags: migration; displaced persons; regional labor markets

We study the long-term effects of human displacement using individual level panel data on forced migrants and comparable non-migrants. After World War II, Finland ceded a tenth of its territory to the Soviet Union and resettled the entire population living in these areas in the remaining parts of the country. We find that displacement increased the long-term income of men, but had no effect on that of women. We attribute a large part of the effect to faster transition from traditional (rural) to modern (urban) occupations among the displaced.