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CEE/Education and skills discussion paper
Variation in Educational Outcomes and Policies Across Countries and of Schools within Countries
Richard Freeman, Stephen Machin and Martina Viarengo August 2010
Paper No' CEEDP0117:
Full Paper (pdf)

JEL Classification: H5;I20;J24;J68;O15;P5

Tags: educational attainment; schools; inequality

This study examines the variation in educational outcomes across and within countries using the TIMSS mathematics tests. It documents the wide cross-country variation in the level and dispersion of test scores. Countries with the highest test scores are those with the least inequality in scores, which suggests a “virtuous” equity-efficiency trade-off in improving educational outcomes. Analyzing the association of gender, immigrant status, and family background factors with scores, we find large cross-country differences in the relation between those factors and scores.