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CEP policy analysis
Immigration, the European Union and the UK Labour Market
Jonathan Wadsworth
May 2014
Paper No' CEPPA015:
Full Paper (pdf)

Tags: immigration; european union; uk; government policy; education; labour market; jobs; wages

During periods of strong economic growth, migration is and has always been important for filling gaps in the labour market. On balance, the evidence for the UK labour market suggests that fears about adverse consequences of rising immigration in general and EU immigration in particular have still not, on average, materialised. It is hard to find evidence of much displacement of UK workers or lower wages, on average. Immigrants, especially in recent years, tend to be younger and better educated than the UK-born and less likely to be unemployed. Future migration trends will, as ever, depend on relative economic performance and opportunity. But we still need to know more about the effects of rising immigration beyond the labour market in such areas as prices, health, crime and welfare.