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CEP discussion paper
Specialization in bank lending: evidence from exporting firms
Daniel Paravisini, Veronica Rappoport and Philipp Schnabl
July 2017
Paper No' CEPDP1492:
Full Paper (pdf)

JEL Classification: F14; F34; G21

Tags: banking; export finance; specialization

We develop an empirical approach for identifying specialization in bank lending using granular data on borrower activities. We illustrate the approach by characterizing bank specialization by export market, combining bank, loan, and export data for all firms in Peru. We find that all banks specialize in at least one export market, that specialization affects a firm’s choice of new lenders and how to finance exports, and that credit supply shocks disproportionately affect a firm’s exports to markets where the lender specializes in. Thus, bank market-specific specialization makes credit difficult to substitute, with consequences for competition in credit markets and the transmission of credit shocks to the economy.