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CEP discussion paper
Gender and promotions: evidence from academic economists in France
Clément Bosquet, Pierre-Philippe Combes and Cecila Garcia-Peñalosa November 2017
Paper No' CEPDP1511:
Full Paper (pdf)

JEL Classification: J16; J7; I23

Tags: gender gaps; promotions; academic labour markets

The promotion system for French academic economists provides an interesting environment to examine the promotion gap between men and women. Promotions occur through national competitions for which we have information both on candidates and on those eligible to be candidates. We can then examine the two stages of the process: application and success. Women are less likely to seek promotion and this accounts for up to 76% of the promotion gap. Being a woman also reduces the probability of promotion conditional on applying, although the gender difference is not statistically significant. Our results highlight the importance of the decision to apply.