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CEP election analysis
Energy and climate change
Ralf Martin, Petra Sarapatkova and Dennis Verhoeven
November 2019
Paper No' CEPEA054:
Full Paper (pdf)

Tags: greenhouse gas emissions; committee on climate change; offshore wind power

UK greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are declining and have been declining for some time. As of 2018, the UK emitted 449 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent (tCO2e). That corresponds to a reduction of 43% relative to 1990 levels, which should make it easy to meet the 2020 target of a reduction of 37%. Moreover, the UK has a framework of long-run targets developed by the Committee on Climate Change, an independent body of experts advising government. At present, this requires a reduction of 51% by 2025 and 57% by 2030. In addition, shortly before resigning as prime minister, Theresa May introduced a so-called ‘net zero’ target, requiring a reduction of emissions to (net) zero by 2050.