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CVER Research Paper
The long-term impact of improving non-cognitive skills of adolescents: Evidence from an English remediation programme
Vahé Nafilyan, Stefan Speckesser and Augustin de Coulon March 2020
Paper No' CVERDP028:
Full Paper (pdf)

In this paper, we estimate the long-term labour market effects of Entry to Employment (E2E), an intervention designed to improve the non-cognitive skills of low-achieving adolescents in England. Using an instrumental variable (IV) approach, we find that E2E courses substantially increased earnings of participants in the long-run. The increase is primarily driven by a large and significant effect on the probability to be in employment. Placebo tests and robustness checks provide further support that the link is unlikely to be affected by unobserved confounders.