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Journal article
Intergenerational effects of employment protection reforms
Jenifer Ruiz-Valenzuela
January 2020
Paper No' :

JEL Classification: J65;I20;I24

Tags: employment; schools; social mobility; employment protection; fixed-term contract; sjob insecurity; intergenerational impacts; school outcomes

Job insecurity has worsened in most OECD countries in the aftermath of the Great Recession. Using Labour Force Survey data, I estimate the link between parental job insecurity (as measured by the contract type held by parents) and children's school related outcomes. Endogeneity issues affecting the type of contract held by parents are dealt with by constructing an instrument based on regional, time and demographic variation in the amount of wage subsidies available to firms to convert fixed-term contracts into permanent ones in Spain. The findings suggest that children whose fathers are less job insecure are considerably more likely to graduate from compulsory education on time. They are also less likely to drop out of the education system and be classified as Not in Education, Employment or Training at age sixteen. Employment protection reforms that liberalise the use of fixed-term contracts and do not take into account these negative externalities on other members of the household are therefore understating their overall cost.