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Journal article
Some causal effects of an industrial policy
Chiara Criscuolo, Ralf Martin, Henry G. Overman and John Van Reenen
January 2019
Paper No' :

JEL Classification: R11, H25, L52, L53, O25

Tags: industrial policy; regional policy; employment; investment; productivity

We exploit changes in the area-specific eligibility criteria for a program to support jobs through investment subsidies. European rules determine whether an area is eligible for subsidies, and we construct instrumental variables for area eligibility based on parameters of these rule changes. Areas eligible for higher subsidies significantly increased jobs and reduced unemployment. A 10-percentage point increase in the maximum investment subsidy stimulates a 10 percent increase in manufacturing employment. This effect exists solely for small firms: large companies accept subsidies without increasing activity. There are positive effects on investment and employment for incumbent firms but not Total Factor Productivity.