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Bureaucracy and development
Timothy Besley, Robin Burgess, Jonathan Old, Adnan Qadir Khan and Guo Xu
November 2021
Paper No' :

Tags: bureaucracy; development; ngos; institutions

How does bureaucracy matter for development? Over the last years, an enormous interest in this question has created a large body of research, mostly focused around evidence from field experiments and micro-level administrative data. This column reviews this recent literature and embeds it in the broader discussion on how bureaucracies contribute to economic development. The authors argue that this recent evidence matters, but also encourage future research to study bureaucracies as systems, and to analyse their systemic relations to politics, citizens, firms, and NGOs.