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CVER Briefing Note
Apprenticeships in England: what does research tell us?
Sandra McNally
July 2018
Paper No' CVERBRF008:
Full Paper (pdf)

Tags: apprenticeship; labour market;
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CVER Research Paper
Entry Through the Narrow Door: The Costs of Just Failing High Stakes Exams
Stephen Machin, Sandra McNally and Jenifer Ruiz-Valenzuela April 2018
Paper No' CVERDP014:
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Tags: high stakes examinations; manipulation; english.
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CVER Research Paper
Settling the counterfactual debate: Is there a preferable counterfactual when estimating the returns to vocational qualifications?
Gavan Conlon, Sophie Hedges and Pietro Patrignani April 2018
Paper No' CVERDP013:
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Tags: vocational education; administrative data; returns to education
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CVER Briefing Note
Investing in People: The Case for Human Capital Tax Credits
Rui Costa, Nikhil Datta, Stephen Machin and Sandra McNally
March 2018
Paper No' CVERBRF007:
Full Paper (pdf)

Tags: human capital; tax credits; uk economy; industrial strategy
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CVER Briefing Note
Further analysis of the earnings differentials associated with BTECs
Gavan Conlon, Sophie Hedges and Pietro Patrignani
February 2018
Paper No' CVERBRF006:
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Tags: vocational education; administrative data; returns to education
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CVER Research Paper
Skills, Signals, and Employability: An Experimental Investigation
Marc Piopiunik, Marc Piopiunik, Guido Schwerdt, Guido Schwerdt, Lisa Simon and Ludger Woessmann February 2018
Paper No' CVERDP012:
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Tags: signals; cognitive skills; social skills; resume; hiring; labor market
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CVER Briefing Note
Effectiveness of CEOs in the Public Sector: Evidence from Further Education Institutions
Jenifer Ruiz-Valenzuela, Camille Terrier and Clémentine Van Effenterre December 2017
Paper No' CVERBRF005:
Full Paper (pdf)
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CVER Research Paper
Building apprentices’ skills in the workplace: Car Service in Germany, the UK and Spain
Philipp Grollmann, Hilary Steedman, Anika Jansen and Robert Gray December 2017
Paper No' CVERDP011:
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Tags: vocational education; apprenticeship; international comparisons
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CVER Research Paper
Apprenticeships for Young People in England: Is there a Payoff?
Chiara Cavaglia, Sandra McNally and Guglielmo Ventura
November 2017
Paper No' CVERDP010:
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Tags: apprenticeship; vocational education
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CVER Research Paper
The Payoff to Vocational Qualifications: Reconciling Estimates from Survey and Administrative Data
Gavan Conlon, Sophie Hedges, Steven McIntosh, Damon Morris and Pietro Patrignani November 2017
Paper No' CVERDP009:
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Tags: wage differentials; vocational education; administrative and survey data
news
Monday 04 June 2018

The Times: Why boys, football and exams are an unfortunate mix

We should also worry about our rather odd exam system. To have high stakes national exams at the age of 16 — GCSEs — is relatively unusual by international standards. It is easy to understand their history: most young people used to leave school at 16, and some measure of attainment at that point made sense. Few now leave at 16. All are supposed to be in some form of education until they are 18. GCSEs have become just one more sorting mechanism. And as some recent work by economists at the London School of Economics has demonstrated, they sort in a way that can be really quite damaging. Using data on the precise marks that students got at GCSE English, the researchers were able to look at the impact of just getting a C grade as opposed to just missing a C grade — literally the impact of getting a single additional mark. The results are disturbing. Missing a C grade in English language by a tiny fraction decreases the probability of enrolling in a higher-level qualification by at least 9 percentage points, with a similar effect on the probability of getting A levels or equivalent by the age of 19. This in turn affects the chances of getting into university and of getting a job with decent progression prospects, and so on. All for the want of a single mark in a single exam aged 16.

 

Related publications

‘Entry through the narrow door: the costs of just failing high stakes exams’, Stephen Machin, Sandra McNally and Jenifer Ruiz-Valenzuela, CVER Discussion Paper No.014, April 2018

http://cver.lse.ac.uk/textonly/cver/pubs/cverdp014.pdf

Related Links:

The Times - Why boys, football and exams are an unfortunate mix

CVER

CEP: Education and Skills

CEP: Community

Stephen Machin webpage

Sandra Mcnally webpage

Jenifer Ruiz-valenzuela webpage


News Posted: 04/06/2018      [Back to the Top]